Perun Slavic God of Thunder
Perun, Slavic God of Thunder – In Slavic Pagan mythology, Perun (written in Cyrillic: Перун) is the highest god of the pantheon and the god of thunder and lightning just like Germanic Thor or Greek Zeus.
Perun symbol: “Thunder marks”
His other attributes were mountains, fire, iris, eagle, the oak, firmament, horses and carts, weapons (the hammer, Axe of Perun, and golden arrows), and of course war. He was first associated with weapons made of stone and later with those of metal, such as most popular Axe of Perun. Throught history some Slavic nations worshiped him as the main god of the Slavic pantheon while others worshiped Svarog, but the truth lies in correct timeline, as Svarog was the first main god, but as the mythological story develops, his Son Perun takes his place as the main god, and after Perun Yarilo takes his place.
Perun is described as a strong muscular rugged man with a golden-copper beard. He rides in a fiery chariot pulled by a goat buck and wields a mighty axe of Perun. The axe in battle is hurled at evil people and spirits and will always return to his hand.
Perun is very similar and related with the near-identical Perkūnas/Pērkons from Baltic mythology, suggesting either a common derivative of the Proto-Indo European thunder god whose original name has been reconstructed as Perkwunos, or it’s possible one of these cultures borrowed the deity from the other, considering the size and wide-spread population of Slavic people where they worshiped Perun and not being in proximity to the Baltic cultures we can conclude the Baltic people did borrow the deity from their neigbouring Slavs. The root *perkwu originally probably meant oak (which is seen as Peruns tree), but in Proto-Slavic this evolved into per- meaning “to strike, to slay”. Lithuanian word “Perkūnas” has two meanings: the thunder and the god of thunder and lightning.
In Slavic Mythology, much like in Norse and Baltic mythologies, the world was represented by a sacred tree, usually an oak, whose branches and trunk represented the living world of heavens and mortals, whilst its roots represented the underworld, i.e. the realm of the dead. Perun was a ruler of the living world, sky and earth, and was often symbolized by an eagle sitting on the top of the tallest branch of the tree, from which he kept watch over the entire world. Deep down in the roots of the tree was the place of his enemy, symbolized by a serpent or a dragon: this was also a Slavic God Veles, watery god of the underworld, who continually provoked Perun by stealing his cattle, children, or wife. Perun pursued Veles around the earth, attacking him with his lightning bolts from the sky. Veles fled from him by transforming himself into various animals, or hiding behind trees, houses, or people; wherever a lightning bolt struck, it was believed, this was because Veles hid from Perun under or behind that particular place. In the image above you can see the scene from the final big battle between the two Gods. In the end, Perun managed to kill Veles, or to chase him back down into his watery underworld. The supreme god thus reestablished the order in the world which had been disrupted by his chaotic enemy. He then returned to the top of the World tree and proudly informed his opponent down in the roots: Ну, там твое место, там сабе будь! (Nu, tam tvoje mjesto, tam sabje bud’! “Well, there is your place, remain there!”). This line came from a Belarusian folk tale of great antiquity. To the Slavs, the mythological symbolism of a supreme heavenly god who battles with his under-worldly enemy through storms and thunder was extremely significant, and from Perun and Veles, this idea of cosmic battle was passed onto God and the Devil following Christianize.
Also in The Gods of the Folk
Lugh’s father was Cian, son of Danu and Dian Cécht of the Tuatha Dé Danann, and his mother was Ethniu/Ethlinn, daughter of Balor of the Fomorians. It was said that Lugh’s grandfather, Balor of the Evil Eye, learned that he would one day be murdered by a grandson. He tried to confine his daughter Ethniu, however Cian released her, and she bore him three sons. Balor arranged for the children to be killed, however Lugh was saved. Lugh was later given to Tailtiu, a Fir Bolg, who raised him as her foster son.